The process for coating metal like iron or steel with a thin zinc layer is known as galvanization. The zinc layer serves to protect the metal from rusting. There are three different processes that can be used for galvanization. The two less-common processes are electrodeposition and electrochemical, while the one used the most often is hot dip galvanization. The basic idea behind the hot dip method is immersing the metal in a zinc bath.
Here’s the step by step process for how it works: